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Toggle password visibility using JavaScript

Last modified February 28th 2022 | GitHub Source Code [GitHub] | #js

Toggling the visibility of a password allows a user to check if they’re entering a password correctly. It helps prevent the frustration you get when you think you’ve entered a password correctly only to find out you haven’t. In this tutorial we’ll show you how this functionality can be implemented using JavaScript.

Show password checkbox

First thing we need is a HTML form with a password input field field and checkbox:

<form id="login">
    <input type="password" id="password" name="password" />    
    <input type="checkbox" id="toggle-password" />
    <label for="toggle-password">Show Password</label>
</form>Code language: HTML, XML (xml)

Now for the JavaScript.

First let’s define a couple of variables for the password field and checkbox:

const password = document.getElementById("password");
const togglePassword = document.getElementById("toggle-password");Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

Next add a click event listener that will call a toggleClicked() function when the checkbox is clicked:

togglePassword.addEventListener("click", toggleClicked);Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

toggleClicked() determines if the toggle-password checkbox has the “checked” attribute and changes the field type accordingly. This works as plain text input fields don’t obscure the characters making them visible to the user:

function toggleClicked() {  
  if (this.checked) {
    password.type = "text";
  } else {
    password.type = "password";
}Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

We can take this a step further by adding an “eye” icon to indicate the toggle state of the password. Add the following to the toggleClicked() function to toggle a “visible” CSS class on the password field:

function toggleClicked() {
  if (this.checked) {
    password.type = "text";
  } else {
    password.type = "password";
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

Next well add a “visible” icon to the password field and an “invisible” icon when the .visible class is activated with the following CSS:

#password {  
  background-image: url("https://img.icons8.com/material-sharp/20/000000/visible.png");
  background-position: 97% center;
  background-repeat: no-repeat;
#password.visible {
  background-image: url("https://img.icons8.com/material-outlined/20/000000/invisible.png");
}Code language: CSS (css)

Finally we’ll hide the HTML checkbox element and position it’s label over the icon so when it’s clicked the visibility is toggled:

#toggle-password {
  display: none;
#toggle-password + label {
  text-indent: -9999px;
  display: inline-block;
  width: 20px;
  height: 20px;
  margin-left: -32px;
  cursor: pointer;
}Code language: CSS (css)

That all for this tutorial. You’ve just learn’t how to create a fully functioning “show password” form input field thanks to some basic JavaScript and CSS. As with all tutorials on w3collective you can find the working source code on GitHub.

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