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Code a responsive step progress bar with HTML, CSS, & JavaScript

Last modified March 11th 2022 | #css #html #js | GitHub Source Code [GitHub]

In this tutorial we’ll be creating a responsive step progress bar. These are commonly used when a large form is split into several steps. They let the user know how much of the form they have completed and how much remains.

Here’s what the completed progress bar will look like:

Responsive step progress bar

Let’s get started by creating the HTML markup:

<div id="progress"> <div id="progress-bar"></div> <ul id="progress-num"> <li class="step active">1</li> <li class="step">2</li> <li class="step">3</li> <li class="step">4</li> </ul> </div>
Code language: HTML, XML (xml)

You can easily add more steps here if required and the progress bar will remain responsive and functional. We’ll also need some buttons to control the progress through the steps as follows:

<button id="progress-prev" class="btn" disabled>Prev</button> <button id="progress-next" class="btn">Next</button>
Code language: HTML, XML (xml)

Now for the JavaScript starting with variables for the various elements:

const progressBar = document.getElementById("progress-bar"); const progressNext = document.getElementById("progress-next"); const progressPrev = document.getElementById("progress-prev"); const steps = document.querySelectorAll(".step"); let active = 1;
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

To navigate through the steps we’ll add an eventListener to detect clicks on each of the buttons:

progressNext.addEventListener("click", () => { active++; if (active > steps.length) { active = steps.length; } updateProgress(); }); progressPrev.addEventListener("click", () => { active--; if (active < 1) { active = 1; } updateProgress(); });
Code language: PHP (php)

This increases or decreases the active count based on the button clicked. It also prevents the active count from going higher or lower than the number of steps. We’re also calling a updateProgress function which looks like this:

const updateProgress = () => { // toggle active class on list items steps.forEach((step, i) => { if (i < active) { step.classList.add("active"); } else { step.classList.remove("active"); } }); // set progress bar width progressBar.style.width = ((active - 1) / (steps.length - 1)) * 100 + "%"; // enable disable prev and next buttons if (active === 1) { progressPrev.disabled = true; } else if (active === steps.length) { progressNext.disabled = true; } else { progressPrev.disabled = false; progressNext.disabled = false; } };
Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

This does 3 things:

  • Loops through each of the steps and toggles the active class.
  • Set’s the progress bar width as a percentage based on the active and total steps.
  • Disables the appropriate button when the active step is either the first or last step.

Now we just need to add some CSS to see the progress bar in action:

#progress { position: relative; margin-bottom: 30px; }
Code language: CSS (css)

Relative positioning so we can use absolute position on the children elements.

#progress-bar { position: absolute; background: lightseagreen; height: 5px; width: 0%; top: 50%; left: 0; }
Code language: CSS (css)

This sets the base styles for the the progress bar, we toggle it’s width in the JavaScript.

#progress-num { margin: 0; padding: 0; list-style: none; display: flex; justify-content: space-between; }
Code language: CSS (css)

This evenly distributes the numbers within the parent <div> no matter the width.

#progress-num::before { content: ""; background-color: lightgray; position: absolute; top: 50%; left: 0; height: 5px; width: 100%; z-index: -1; }
Code language: CSS (css)

CSS pseudo-element that represents the inactive portion of the progress bar.

#progress-num .step { border: 3px solid lightgray; border-radius: 100%; width: 25px; height: 25px; line-height: 25px; text-align: center; background-color: #fff; font-family: sans-serif; font-size: 14px; position: relative; z-index: 1; }
Code language: CSS (css)

Styles each inactive steps inside a circle.

#progress-num .step.active { border-color: lightseagreen; background-color: lightseagreen; color: #fff; }
Code language: CSS (css)

Styles active steps border and background color to match the progress bar.

That’s all for this tutorial, you should now have a working responsive step progress bar that you can customise to suit your needs. As always you can find the full source code used in this tutorial on Github.

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